EUCPN Board Meeting 24 March 2014
Zappeion, Conference & Exhibition Center,
Dr. Christina Zarafonitou,
Director of Postgraduate Programme Studies
of Criminology, Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences
Guest Editor of "The Art of Crime" Issue n. 6
The first topic of the EUCPN Board Meeting organized by the Hellenic Presidency focused on the “Illegal immigration”.
In this context two main speakers have addressed the phenomenology of
the phenomenon in Greece and four interventions approached its main
aspects. The aforementioned presentations are included in this Special
Issue of the Art of crime in order to be communicated to all interested
scholars, since these presidential meetings were not “open” to public
The board Meeting has started with the presentation of ProfessorDr. Christina Zarafonitou, Panteion University,on the“Illegal immigration, the perception of ghettos and the fear of crime in the center of Athens”. In
this context, the paper focuses, firstly, on the official data
concerning the dimension of immigration last 20 years and the special
treats of illegal immigration (i.e., nationality of foreigners, area of
installation, nationality of traffickers, traffickers and immigrants
arrested by the police or the port police etc.). Secondly,
the paper focuses on the presentation of the main results of the
author’s study concerning the ghettos’ perception among the inhabitants
of the Athens city-centre. According these data, and even though the
existence of ghettos is not confirmed as a whole, the majority of the
respondents were convinced that their area ‘has become a ghetto’.In
fact, the conditions that characterise an area as ‘transitional’
towards becoming a ghetto are determined in these areas of the centre of
Athens. Consequently, immediate and regulatory state intervention is
considered essential so that the centre of Athens will not undertake yet
again its role as a ‘transition zone’, according to the ecological
approach of the Chicago School. In fact, the amelioration of the
perceived image of the areas from their inhabitants as it is registered
in the follow-up study could be correlated with the increased police
presence. Furthermore, this image of amelioration of the quality of life
is accompanied by an ameliorated evaluation of police work during the
period of the follow-up study (2013). However, this image does not
coincide with the decrease of victimisation, the reported levels of
which are higher in these areas than in 2011.
The next presentation of Dr. Joanna Tsiganou, Director of Research National Centre for Social Research – (EKKE) addressed the topic “Non-regular migration into Greece: Reporting and Recording Quantitative and Qualitative Research Data”.The
paper aimed at providing basic research background information in the
field of irregular migration into Greece. It also attempts to provide
increasing transparency through a critical appraisal of data and
estimates in comparative perspective. Quantitative information is
accompanied by substantial background materials, both on issues of
general concern and on the situation in Greece and abroad. A number of
interrelated questions are addressed which range from straightforward
empirical and methodological questions such as “how much irregular
migration is there?”, “how it is changing?”, and “how do we find out?”
to broader questions about the relationship between the kind of data
available and the policies formed about the phenomenon.These
issues are explored in the attempt to construct a body of critical
knowledge through the processes of calculating risks and the risk of
calculating. Conclusions are drawn through the examination of
interrelated policies in Greece and abroad.
the same context, four interventions have presented the aspect of
governmental and independent authorities specialised in the domain of
illegal immigration and are included in this special issue.
The intervention of Professor Vassilis Karydis, Deputy Ombudsman, the Greek Ombudsman, Independent Authority, focuses on “Mixed flows and Human Rights: The experience of The Greek Ombudsman".
In this context, the general competence of the Greek Ombudsman and
human rights of irregular migrants has been approached as well as the
issue of mixed flows and asylum seekers through the recent institutional
reforms and developments and other significant developments with
implications for border control and visa policy. Specific remarks on
issues concerning aliens “without papers” have been included in this
presentation followed by the conclusions and suggestions of its author.
The intervention of Filippos Manolaros, President of the Board of Judges, of the Court of Appeals in N. Aegean, deal with “Τhe judicial fight against illegal immigration in Greece”.
The starting point of this speech is the problem of illegal immigration
in Greece and the emphasis is given in the North Aegean and especially
in two islands –Lesbos ND Chios- where the immigrants from Asia and
Africa reach easier. The author analyses the phenomenon of illegal
immigration in Greece presenting the ways the illegal immigrants reach
and come in the Greek territory, the profile of the smugglers, the
methods and the excuses they use beyond the authorities and the court.
Moreover, the attitude of the Greek authorities is outlined and their
collaboration with Frontex in the perspective to take all the
appropriate measures in order to find out the immigrants, to protect
their live and to provide them all the necessary services and medical
care they need. A main aim of this intervention is to contribute to the
discussion for a better way of facing illegal immigration in Greece,
proposing a number of measures at administrative, legal, judicial and
Maria Stavropoulou, Director, Asylum Service, Ministry of Public Order & Citizen Protection, intervened with her presentation on “International protection in Greece: The new Greek Asylum Service”. The
presentation is focused on the establishment and operation of the new
Asylum Service which is the first specialized instance in the country,
competent to adjudicate on applications for international protection.
The goal and the mission of the Service are outlined as well as its
latest statistical data are presented. The Asylum Service contributes to
the formulation of the Greek policy on international protection and
cooperates with international organisations and the European Union
institutions. Asylum Service is a new institution in Greece and, by
taking into consideration that it was established under social
circumstances which are characterized by the financial crisis of Greece,
the assessment of its operation has been very positive.
Finally, Alexandros Arvanitidis,
Head of Department, Service of First Reception, Ministry of Public
Order & Citizen Protection, addressed its intervention on “Management of mixed migration flows; a continuing operational challenge for the First Reception Service”.First
Reception Centers constitute the competent authority for the screening
and registration of all irregular migrants who are apprehended by the
authorities for illegal entry or stay in the territory. They do not
constitute detention centers; the irregular migrants who are hosted
within the premises of First Reception Centers, can only stay there up
to 15 days. Upon arrival TCNs receive information about where they are,
procedures that will take place, facilities and services. They are also
informed about their rights regarding international protection. They
also go through a first medical examination to identify urgent
situations. Finally, they receive NFIs, clothes and shoes if they need,
clean linen and are assigned to dormitories. Afterwards they are
screened, registered, receive medical care and treatment if necessary,
and are referred to a competent authority at the end of the process
according to the case: asylum seekers are referred to the regional
office of the Asylum Service operating in the FRC, UAMs and other
vulnerable groups are referred to Open Accommodation Facilities and the
rest to the Hellenic Police to be returned. During their stay they have
access to NGOs, legal help etc. Interpretation services are offered
throughout their stay.
aforementioned papers approach several aspects of the complex
phenomenon of illegal immigration and contribute to in depth discussion
with emphasis on prevention policies and on the necessity of the
interdisciplinary collaboration on European level.
# Greeting From Prof. Iacovos Farsedakis
The Hellenic Presidency of the EUCPN
focused, because of their particular importance in both the Greek and European
context, on two topics: “Illegal immigration” and “Corruption”. Academics and
researchers presented the latest knowledge and research in these fields and
representatives from public bodies and organizations summarized the actions
that have been taken to tackle the aforementioned phenomena.
The first topic addressed the
challenges that the flow of people from third world countries brings to Europe
and mainly to its most vulnerable borders. In this context, well managed
migration an dintegrating policies examined through the bodies that make a great
effort to balance the prevention of the phenomenon while ensuring the
protection of human rights, without undermining democracy.
On the other hand, corruption harms
the society and economy as a whole. Though it varies in nature and extent, it
affects the economy of European countries as well as their citizens. Legal
instruments and institutions must be reinforced to prevent and fight corruption.
Also, citizens’ trust in democratic institutions should be enhanced. Best
practices as well as good governance and the rule of law were discussed during
a Knowledge Exchange session.
The Hellenic Presidency would like
to thank all speakers who participated during the meetings and expanded the
Network input on illegal immigration and corruption with their expertise.